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Tuesday, April 21, 2015

Jews, Their Languages, Their Diasporas, and Anti-Semitism For 3000 Years: Part 6

       Be Sure to Read The First 5 Posts in the Series Before This One

              AND SO WHERE ARE WE AFTER 5 LONG POSTS?

Prof bug's hope is that you will have finished this 6-part series better informed about Jews' lives, individually and in communities, during and in:

1) The Middle Ages (roughly 500 to 1500) and how Europeans interacted with them.

 Remember ---with the total expulsion of Spain's Jewish population (the largest in Europe until 1492 by far, both in the Muslim and Christian realms) --- Jews were only a tiny minority everywhere in Europe from that year on. (Poland was an exception here, with about 10% of their population Jewish in 1900, at which time the Poles were part of Czarist Russia. ) Even in Nazi Germany, Jews were only 0.6% of the total population.

2) Prof bug also hopes that, in the first 5 posts, you learned a lot about Jewish life and the ongoing shifts in Jewish religion and languages from roughly 1500 B.C.E. to the use of Yiddish and Ladino in Medieval Europe, along with the native languages they had to learn to speak, read, and write --- and farther shifts down to the recreation of (a Modern) Hebrew in Israel today. That long time span of shifting language-uses adds up, of course, to roughly 35 centuries.

The roles and treatment of Jews in their captive Diasporas over 17 centuries ---from the middle of the 2nd Century C.E. on when the Roman Empire destroyed Jerusalem, killed off tens of thousands or more Jews, and sent the rest into Exile or slavery --- were also explained, hopefully with good results. There were, of course, several Diasporas of the Israeli Jews starting with the Egyptians, then the Assyrians, then the Babylonians, then the Greeks, and then the Romans.

From the 11th century C.E.in Europe until the 1900s, several more Diasporas were imposed on the Jews by forceful exiling them from one country after another . . . including, of course, the large emigration of Jews out of Czarist Russia from the 1880s to WWI, during which the Czarist regime purposely encouraged a series of bloody massacres of Jews in a variety of Pogroms, with elite Cossack horsemen leading the enraged Jew-hating masses who were sometimes led by Orthodox priests.

3) As for diverse Semitic peoples, remember, the terms Semite and Semitic originally refer to linguistic usage in the Middle East among different tribal and larger groups speaking a wide family of similar but disparate languages. (Like Spanish, Portuguese, French, and Italian for centuries, all part of a family of Romance Languages, Latin in origin along with the impact of outside Germanic tribes such as Vandals and Visigoths in Spain or Franks in France. ) Only the Jews still use the language and even certain religious customs of those ancient times, with the other Semitic-language users shaking off their ancient usage and adapting quickly to Islam and Arabic once they were conquered by the Arab militaries in the 7th century C.E.

4) Later, the term Semite --- created by European linguistic scholars and some historians in the late 18th and early 19th centuries as strictly a linguistic term---was applied to European Jew-baiting or Jew-haters and Jew mass-killer pogroms in the form of Anti-Semitism, and that is the meaning that prevails ever since that term was coined by a Jew-hating German (Wilhelm Marr) in 1879. in the last half of the 19th century.

No, he wasn't referring to the coined word as something bad, never mind evil.   Judenhass(Jew-Hatred) was the term openly used in German-speaking countries for decades by 1879.  From Marr's viewpoint, the spread of Jew-Hatred --- which he wanted, along with more and more German-speakers in Germany, Austria, parts of Switzerland, and in the Austrian empire (as a second language) --- required a "scientific" sounding replacement.  Anti-Semitism was his replacement.  The term caught on quickly.

In 2005, the US government produced a report in which it said that Anti-Semitism meant  "hatred toward Jews-individually and as a group-that can be attributed to the Jewish religion and/or ethnicity" No, not just dislike of Jews. 

5) Like more and more Germans, Marr --- along with other journalists, agitators, professors, and members of political parties---argued that "pure Aryan"Germans needed to join forces and reduce or destroy what he and other Anti-Semites regarded as out-of-control Jewish influence in all forms of German life: in universities, schools, the professions, trade unions, the media, retail stores and other businesses they created as entrepreneurs. Not to forget their support for Liberal and Socialist political parties . . . Jewish left-wing socialists divided after the Russian Revolution in 1918-1919 into Social Democrats and Communism, like a lot of native German-followers of each in the Weimar Republic of the 1920s).

All this viciously bigoted hysterics in Germany, recall, when Jews were 0.6% of the 60 million German population the year Hitler took power in 1933. 

No less important in understanding just how hysterical and delusive this Anti-Semitism was in the 19th and first half of the 20th centuries, consider that in the early 1800s only a handful of the numerous German states legally recognized that their small Jewish populations were entitled to full civil rights.  It wasn't until the 1850s that most German states followed suit, and a handful still held out to the 1870s to prevent Jews from accessing their universities. The 1870s, recall, was-the decade when the frenzied Jew-hating Marr and his numerous imitators were overwrought with fear that the emancipated Jews --- admitted freely to most Germany universities only recently for two or three generations ---were set to dominate and control traditional German cultural and intellectual life and "pervert" it for their clannish and conspiratorial ends.

Helping to prove something else:

  • Jews, going back thousands of years, were widely hated or feared almost everywhere they lived even when they were small minorities because of their high-achieving intellectual, financial, and professional accomplishments . . . unless, of course --- as was the case in Europe from 1095 to the end of the 18th century --- they were legally ghettoized and denied access to high-quality universities 
  • The one exception was in the Muslim Golden Age in southern Spain from the 8th century on.  By 1095, though --- the year of the First Crusade --- the Golden Age was being destroyed by invasions of Moorish-ruled  Spain of fanatical jihadi Berbers (the proto- ISIS fanatics of today) who quickly came to rule in all the Muslim kingdoms in that country and impose dark-age Sharia law in every aspect of life.
  • Speaking about university-admissions, remember: starting in the 1920s, all the Ivy-League universities --- Harvard, Yale, Princeton, and the others --- set quotas on Jewish admission.  Until then, the more Jews who were admitted to these elites universities, the more WASP students were outperformed . . . something regarded in the ultra-bigoted Interwar period (1919-1941 for the USA) as intolerable, beyond belief.  Must be due to some sly trickery, no? 

The bigotry in the USA's elite universities went on for 3 to 4 decades, only for the Ivy-Leaguers to find that it was a disaster for admitting most of the most promising students and for hiring the best Ph.D. professors.  In those 3 to 4 decades, apparently WASP students and professors in large numbers were happy that  didn't want to have to compete against the "Hebes"  Click here for a fast-moving account of the quota-system.  Here too.

6) By 19oo, most of Central and Eastern Europe was rampant with Jew-haters. Rampant throughout, to be more specific, in the entire Czarist Regime and its conquered western provinces like Ukraine, Poland, the Baltic states, Georgia, and so on --- and rampant too in Hungary, Austria, and Germany.  In Western Europe, the most Anti-Semitism flourished in France and the Iberian Peninsula (where scarcely any Jews had lived since 1492's expulsions).  

From 1900 on, if anything stands out in the 20th century,  it's how rapidly anti-Semitism galloped forward, enticing bursting numbers of both the still poorly educated European masses and the educated elites . . . the latter, for the first time in their 1000 years history, increasingly faced with prominent high-performing Jews suddenly emerging in all areas of public life, with very few banks under their control, but with more and more Jews entering the professoriat, the prestigious professions, and so on.

Sidebar Clarification 

   Ghettos, Yes or No ---and Careful! Don't Outperform the Native Peoples

As we just noted a second or two ago, Jews had been legally confined to ghettos for over 8 centuries   --- with a few rich ones allowed to live outside the ghettos with enough bribe-money slipped to the ruling class   ---  until the Napoleonic conquests in France and the rest of West Europe, with Germany, Austria, and other Central and Eastern Europe not implementing full civil rights for Jews until the middle or late decades of the 19th century.  (In Czarist Russia, never!)  Living in ghettos, understand, Jews couldn't practice any  of the professions legally or even enter European universities. 

And so . . . as Jew-hatred spread throughout Central and East Europe, along with especially France and Spain (back to 1492) in West Europe, the hate-mongering Anti-Semitic whiners would drone on with bellyacher chants of something like this: Why oh Why! couldn't the Jews slither back into their ghettos.  Or, as in the past, be booted out of their countries.  Or --- for some agitators and charismatic big-shot demagogues like Hitler --- just be killed outright.   All of them!  For Hitler of course, total extermination was the only way to save the so-called Master-Race Aryans.

Which, of course, was what the Holocaust was supposed to do. 

The Holocaust and Its Consequences

In 1941, Hitlerian Germany, with lots of help from its butcher-boy imitators and admirers elsewhere in Europe, set out to exterminate the Jews once and for all.  Not able to kill off all the Jews with guns, besides wasting precious ammunition, the grisly scheme was improved in 1942 with death-camp usage of poison gas and huge ovens to dispose of the bodies . . . but not before all the gold teeth and other goodies for money were extracted.  Much of that money ended up in Swiss banks.  By the end of WWII in Europe (May 1945), the Holocaust was more or less completed by the Nazis and their fervent followers in Eastern and Central Europe at the war's end. 

All the countries in East Europe --- whether independent or Soviet Union satellites --- participated in the genocide's ghastly killings.  There was one exception: Bulgaria, a German ally, that stopped cooperating with the Nazi efforts to deport all Jews to the Death-Camps in Poland when its government learned about the Jews' fate.  The country was able to save almost all of its 50,000 Jewish community. 

And, recall from an earlier buggy post, that Hitler was overwhelmingly right when he publicly proclaimed at the start of WWII that --- whether Nazi Germany and its allies won or lost the war (caused, he emphasized, entirely by the Jews who ruled Britain, the USA, and the Soviet Union) --- Germany and all of Europe would be Juden-Frei (free of Jews). 

In 1939, to clarify, the year WWII started, there were 9.3 million Jews in Europe (which had a total of about 500 million inhabitants everywhere).  In 2015, as Anti-Semitism begins to spread openly again in Europe, there are 1.2 million Jews left in a total European population of around 750 million.  Or about 1/5th of 1.0% of the total. For an informative if grisly article on how the Death-Camps operated,  click here.

And West European Help for Nazi Genocide? 

It thrived in many countries too. 

Start with the Nazi-collaborating French Vichy-government --- which even tried to become Hitler's partner as a great power (he said no!).  And then consider the puppet collaborating government in Belgium, Luxembourg, and Netherlands all actively rounded up Jews and sent them to the Nazi death-camps in Poland . . . though, to their great credit, tens of thousands of decent risk-taking French, Dutch, and Belgian  citizens sought to hide as many Jews as they could. 

By contrast, Franco's semi-Fascist Spain and the dictatorial government in Portugal --- both countries neutral --- refused Nazi requests to hand over their small Jewish populations.  And, to repeat, neutral Sweden protected its small Jewish population and took in about 15,000 Danish Jews fleeing the occupying Nazis.  Note that two Nazi-allies, Finland and Bulgaria, also protected their small Jewish citizenry.  And Italy?

Under Mussolini, the pioneer originator of totalitarian Fascist regimes, Italian Jews were generally safe until Mussolini caved in under German pressure and let his Fascist forces gather and send Jews to the death-camps.  

And the USA

Obviously, our country (along with Britain and the Soviet Union) became and remained a powerful anti-Nazi enemy.  In effect, though,  --- with American Anti-Semitism as its height in WWII and for years afterwards --- our government refused to take in Jewish refugees on the run, both before and during it. 

  •  One reason: FDR, our President, was worried that widespread Anti-Semitism would hurt his chances of re-election in 1940 if (a year before our entry in WWII) if he lifted tight restrictions on all immigration. 
  • Another reason: the WASP-led State Department, full of Anti-Semites (with, it's true, a handful of members who wanted to help Jewish refugees)  opposed taking more than a small number of refugees until 1944.  The head of the State Department's immigration policies even watered down or concealed information sent to it from our Ambassadors abroad about the genocide that, in turn, in its form, would reach FDR's and his small circle of his closest advisors  . . . some of them Jews. 
  • In January 1944, finally, President Roosevelt --- pushed by Eleanor, his very hard-working charitable wife and by Jewish groups with hard evidence of the genocide --- agreed to lift the quota -limits on Jewish immigration and seek ways to help rescue Jewish refugees and get them passage to the USA. Almost all Jews, of course, if still alive, were in death-camps by then.  FDR also ordered that the Jew-loathing members in the State Department be replaced or left with petty positions. (An easy-to-read source  on all this is found here )

.  

7) Other reasons for Jew-hatred in Europe in the first-half of the 20th century:

All the Medieval vicious animosity and desire for vengeance against the Christ-killers and their alleged allegiance to Satan as two-legged demons were still followed centuries later by Anti-Semites and continuously updated.  Meaning what?  Meaning, above all,  that Jew-hatred had to be adapted in the 19th and early 20th centuries to the modern world. 

First off, Anti-Semites attacked the Jews' allegiance to political Liberalism or to Marxisms of various kinds rather than to the political ideologies of yester-years, when Kings, Emperors, Aristocrats, the Pope, both Protestant amd Catholic big-wig clerics, top arrogant Bureaucrats, the Military Officer Corps, Guilds and the Traditional Professions ruled unquestioned and acquiesced to by the peasants and subordinate Middle, Lower-Middle, and Working-Class followers. 

Second and no less resented, Jews were vilified for their full-speed-ahead advancement socially, economically, and in education, the sciences, prominent universities as well as in bursting entrepreneurship.  (Hitler added a third update: Jews were so utterly depraved and demonic that their nefarious behavior was in their blood, an outcome of horrid evolution.  Nothing could be done to alter their behavior.  Only total extermination would save the "pure" Germans and other Aryans in North-West Europe.)

With what results we know during the Holocaust --- yes, all of us except some Jew-hating Westerners and, far more significant,   except in most of Islam.  In their views, the Holocaust is a hoax carried out by the World Jewish Conspiracy, its center burrowed deep in the catacombs under Wall Street and the financial centers in Europe and parts of Asia --- to aid Jewish rule of the entire earth, whether directly or indirectly. (More on this below).

Back to the Other Reasons for Jew-Hatred:

  • The Jews' support for liberal or socialist causes and reforms --- or for the few Jewish Communists for revolution --- produced soaring backlashes against Jewish communities all over Europe, ending, of course, in the Holocaust. (The exceptions to this raging Jew-hatred in the 1930s and into WWII were in Scandinavia, Britain, Ireland, Belgium, and Netherlands [to an extent only], along with Bulgaria, despite its military alliance with Nazi Germany.
  • Then, too, the bursting backlashes and hatred against Jews for their quick rise in income, status, and influence led to horrid stereotype animosities.  No way these demon-like creatures could outperform Germans, French, British, Scandinavian, or Russian native citizens on fair terms.  If they, the Jews, looked successful on those three counts --- income, status, and influence --- it was owing to their clannish, corrupt, conspiratorial depravity, full of monstrous trickery and machinations that had to stop . . . once and for all.   
  • Witness the popularity in Eastern and Central Europe of the nefarious The Protocols of the Elders of Zion book, written by a Russian in 1903.  It became a sort of Bible, that Anti-Semitic hoax, in much of Europe before and during WWII --- and has been revived and sold openly at airports and hotels all over the Arab countries and elsewhere in Islam these days. Like its earlier reception in Europe, it has become a popular guide to how Jews have set out to rule the world. And are close to achieving it (or already have). 
  • Hitler's and the Nazi's Jewish-Virus menace --- it's in their genes, nothing to stop their rising power other than total extermination ---  had no trouble finding enthusiastic executioners in the rest of Europe, especially in the Eastern parts. 

8) How Many Jews Were Killed in Europe Between 1095 and 1939? A Scholarly Estimate:

No surprise then that one good study, published by a scholar about 25 years ago (and hence before little scholarly work could be found on the Web) , found --- based on his looking at death certificates and cemetery stones and other sources of information for a 1000 years, with comparisons of the ages Jews died compared to their Christian neighbors --- that about half of all Jews in Europe were killed off by their neighbors even before the Holocaust. Yes, over 1000 years.

 

                           AND SINCE THE HOLOCAUST?

Or, More To the Point, Why Is Anti-Semitism Growing Fast in Much of Europe Right Now

Once again, just a few decades after the Holocaust, anti-Semitism is on a big upswing throughout Southern Europe, the Balkans, Eastern Europe, and Southern Europe--- much less so, fortunately, in Britain, Netherlands, Scandinavia than in France or Germany or Austria (French anti-Semitism was 37% of the population in a 101 country survey put out in 2012 by the ADL (Anti-Defamation-League), about 5 times higher than in Britain.

Click here for the survey source.  That  ADL survey was conducted July 2013 and February 2014, and it was made public later that year.(Once on the ADL site, click on a region (say, Europe) and then click on specific countries or find the country results at the bottom of the European page.)

Needless to add, the more East or South of European countries the ADL survey moved, the higher the percentage-rates of Anti-Semitism were found to be. (Czech Republic is the one exception.)

Sidebar Clarification

Oddly, a 2015 Pew Research Center Survey of Anti-Semitism in only 7 European countries --- vs. 35 European countries in the ADL study --- paralleled pretty closely the results of the ADL study for Britain, Greece, Italy, Poland, and Spain. But the results for France and Germany were astonishingly lower.

True, it isn't unusual for different survey teams to report lower or higher results than one another . . . not least for different wordings of questions and so on. But never has Prof Bug seen such a discrepancy in the findings as are found for France and Germany in these two surveys.

For French Anti-Semitism to plunge from 37% to 10% --- a drop of 70% in two years --- seems remarkably suspect. Ditto for a lower but still marked reduction for German Anti-Semitism. And then, too, the Pew Survey's explanation of its methodology appears weakly strange compared to the questions asked by ADL pollsters in 101 different countries. By contrast, the ADL's surveys have been in existence since the late 1940s with professional statisticians active in insuring the surveys are as effective in wording and size of random samples as possible. Click here for the Pew Research survey in question

Here Is Another ADL Survey of Anti-Semitism in 10 Key European Countries in 2012

Note that this is another survey carried out two years before the ADL 2014 survey above.  It singled out key countries in Europe using 5 questions to determine the percentage of each country's population that showed clear anti-Semitic beliefs. Note how much higher Anti-Semitic responses happen to be for Britain, somewhere between 2 to 5 times higher than in the ADL 101 Country Survey published in 2014.  Again, Prof Bug has no way to explain the discrepancy. For source, click here.

In responding "probably true" to the statement, "Jews are more loyal to Israel" than their own country, the 2012 survey found:

  • Austria - 47%, unchanged from 2009
  • France - 45%, up from 38% in 2009
  • Germany - 52%, down from 53% in 2009
  • Hungary - 55%, up from 40% in 2009
  • Italy - 61% in 2012
  • Netherlands - 47% in 2012
  • Norway - 58% in 2012
  • Poland - 61%, down from 63% in 2009
  • Spain - 72%, up from 64% in 2009
  • The United Kingdom - 48%, up from 37% in 2009

In responding "probably true" to the statement, "Jews have too much power in the business world," the 2012 survey found:

  • Austria - 30%, down from 36% in 2009
  • France - 35%, up from 33% in 2009
  • Germany - 22%, up from 21% in 2009
  • Hungary - 73%, up from 67% in 2009
  • Italy - 39% in 2012
  • The Netherlands - 10% in 2012
  • Norway - 21% in 2012
  • Poland - 54%, down from 55% in 2009
  • Spain - 60%, up from 56% in 2009
  • The United Kingdom - 20%, up from 15% in 2009

In responding "probably true" to the statement "Jews have too much power in international financial markets," the 2012 survey found:

  • Austria - 38%, up from 37% in 2009
  • France - 29%, up from 27% in 2009
  • Germany - 24%, up from 22% in 2009
  • Hungary - 75%, up from 59% in 2009
  • Italy - 43% in 2012
  • The Netherlands - 17% in 2012
  • Norway -- 23% in 2012
  • Poland - 54%, unchanged from 2009
  • Spain - 67%, down from 74% in 2009
  • The United Kingdom - 22%, up from 15% in 2009

In responding "probably true" to the statement, "Jews still talk too much about what happened to them in the Holocaust," the 2012 survey found:

  • Austria - 45%, down from 55% in 2009
  • France - 35%, up from 33% in 2009
  • Germany - 43%, down from 45% in 2009
  • Hungary - 63%, up from 56% in 2009
  • Italy - 48% in 2012
  • The Netherlands - 31% in 2012
  • Norway - 25% in 2012
  • Poland - 53%, down from 55% in 2009
  • Spain - 47%, up from 42% in 2009
  • The United Kingdom - 24%, up from 20% in 2009

   Growing Extremist Groups and Ultra Right-Wing Political Parties in Europe

                                                      But not in the USA

As anti-Semitism bounds ahead in most of Europe, increasingly right-wing extremist movements and political parties have emerged all over the Continent that hate Muslims in their midst even more than their hatred of Jews . . . unless, of course, the latter hatred is endorsed by more and more European Muslims themselves.  With, in turn, radical members of the Muslim groups --- no, not just jihadis on the rampage, but embittered Muslims --- then attacking Jews in a variety of ways. 

These assaults, on the rise everywhere in Europe, have made life increasingly hard for the tiny minority of Jews still living on that Continent.  Even rising, note swiftly, in traditionally tolerant stable democratic countries like Britain, Netherlands, and Scandinavia.

All the while, wittingly or not, left-wing journalists and professors and many politicians and bloggers and blogger commentators reveal hateful or near-hateful views toward Israel, adding to the surging Anti-Semitism. 

Sidebar Clarification

Keep in mind once again that the total number of Jews in Europe, a Continent of 750 million people, adds up to 1.2 million --- or about 1/6th of 1.0% of  the total population

All this growing bigotry bounding ahead in Europe, you understand, at a time when anti-Semitism in the USA is at an all-time low, and Judaism itself --- to prof bug's surprise --- is ranked number one in a Pew Research Center survey in 2014 as a religion that other religious peoples respect the most in our country. (No, the Tea-Party in the USA isn't at all extremist as the French National Front (itself under change to move more centric) or in nearly two dozen other European countries. Those European parties are all statist and ultra-nationalist and generally oppose EU membership for their countries. They are also strongly --- almost crackingly --- anti-immigrant in policy. None of these features appear in the Tea Party . . . something that Prof Bug, himself a moderate Democrat who voted twice for President Obama, can attest to.)

 

JEW-HATING, MASS PARANOIA, AND BLAME-SHIFTING IN ISLAM

It's hardly news that this paranoia and hatred are now rampant in Islam, especially in Arab countries where it's taken for granted that the 15 million Jews belong to a World Jewish Conspiracy to keep them backward, poor (at least for the masses), and without hope for the future . . . rather, as Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad put it in plain English to the leaders of 58 Islamic countries at the 10th Islamic Summit Conference in 2003:

Source: click here for the ADL reprint.

Needless to add, these coo-coo revelations of how Jews rule the world and Jews and their proxies are at the root causes of Islamic economic backwardness, mass poverty, raging armed conflicts of all sorts, the lacking sense of honor (rather oppression and humiliation).  Presumably, then --- if Jews didn't "rule" the world, or maybe better off, all exterminated --- the Islam countries, one and all, would be rich, at the cutting-edge frontier of economic and scientific work, wouldn't be fighting one another (inside their countries or between them), would instead be peaceful models for the rest of the world, and have populations proud and exuding a non-stop sentiment of honor instead of oppression and humiliation.

Oh sure.  And prof bug himself is really a genius ET in human-drag and the father of Roadrunner, Wiley Coyote, and Bugs Bunny. 

At the end of the Prime Minister's bugaboo speech --- which is filled with unsubstantiated idiocy, though believed in throughout most of Islam (to judge by ADL survey data) --- Mahathir got a rousing dose of ear-splitting clapping, with shouts of hip-hip hurrah (or something like that), as the 57 other Muslim leaders jumped to their feet and went ape with delight.  

Some Key Excerpts (Bold Sentences are in the ADL source)

 ......."The whole world is looking at us. Certainly 1.3 billion Muslims, one-sixth of the world's population are placing their hopes in us, in this meeting, even though they may be cynical about our will and capacity to even decide to restore the honour of Islam and the Muslims, much less to free their brothers and sisters from the oppression and humiliation from which they suffer today....

......."I will not enumerate the instances of our humiliation and oppression, nor will I once again condemn our detractors and oppressors. It would be an exercise in futility because they are not going to change their attitudes just because we condemn them. If we are to recover our dignity and that of Islam, our religion, it is we who must decide, it is we who must act. . ."

......"Today we, the whole Muslim ummah are treated with contempt and dishonour. Our religion is denigrated. Our holy places desecrated. Our countries are occupied. Our people starved and killed. None of our countries are truly independent. We are under pressure to conform to our oppressors' wishes about how we should behave, how we should govern our lands, how we should think even. Today if they want to raid our country, kill our people, destroy our villages and towns, there is nothing substantial that we can do. Is it Islam which has caused all these? Or is it that we have failed to do our duty according to our religion?..."

......"There is a feeling of hopelessness among the Muslim countries and their people. They feel that they can do nothing right. They believe that things can only get worse.The Muslims will forever be oppressed and dominated by the Europeans and the Jews. They will forever be poor, backward and weak. Some believe, as I have said, this is the Will of Allah, that the proper state of the Muslims is to be poor and oppressed in this world.

......"But is it true that we should do and can do nothing for ourselves? Is it true that 1.3 billion people can exert no power to save themselves from the humiliation and oppression inflicted upon them by a much smaller enemy? Can they only lash back blindly in anger? Is there no other way than to ask our young people to blow themselves up and kill people and invite the massacre of more of our own people?..."

....."It cannot be that there is no other way. 1.3 billion Muslims cannot be defeated by a few million Jews. There must be a way. And we can only find a way if we stop to think, to assess our weaknesses and our strength, to plan, to strategise and then to counter attack. As Muslims we must seek guidance from the Al-Quran and the Sunnah of the Prophet. Surely the 23 years' struggle of the Prophet can provide us with some guidance as to what we can and should do...."

......"We are actually very strong. 1.3 billion people cannot be simply wiped out. The Europeans killed 6 million Jews out of 12 million. But today the Jews rule this world by proxy. They get others to fight and die for them."

.....

""

For an extraordinarily good scholarly book on the growth of Anti-Semitism and how Christians and Muslims and others in power would defame other Christians or Pagans or Muslims as covert Jews --- or with a Jewish mentality (whatever that means) --- read Anti-Judaism:  The Western Tradition, by David Nirenberg --- a scholar and journalist alike.  Note the title: it is purposefully set out that way to explore not just hatred of Jews but also of political or religious or intellectual opponents in Christendem and Islam . . . right down to Hitler and Mussolini and other megalomaniac dictators with lots of power for destroying others, whether Jewish or otherwise. 

This admirable scholarly book reads like a compelling thriller despite it's strikingly deep and roaming use of all sorts of data and other scholaly resources, with each page revealing, it seems, something that others hadn't studied in depth at all . . . ever. 

         Anti-Semitism in the USA vs. It in Europe and Islam:

Anti-Semitism is at an all-time low in the USA.  In 2014, the latest ADL survey found that only 9% of Americans endorsed any serious Jew-hatred or Jew-dislike.  What's more astonishing, a Pew Research Study  found early in 2015 that Judaism was the most respected religion in the USA when members of the major religions in this country were asked what religion do they regard other than their own as the most admirable.  No need to repeat the actual percentages of growing Jew-hatred in Islam and Europe.  The ADL survey-data over three years was set out earlier, recall.

  

George Washington, it's worth noting, was the original father of all this diminishing hatred of Jews in the USA --- which, of course, as in Europe, with ups-and-downs since 1789 . . . though never as bad as in almost all of Europe and more recently in Islam.

In a public speech at a synagogue gave not long after the USA became a Federal Union, our first President told a Jewish congregation --- Jews numbering about 4000 in those days (out of about 5 million Americans total) --- that not only would the new Union tolerate Jews, it would welcome them as a way to help the USA grow strong and economically and scientifically advanced.

Thank you President Washington, and all the other wonderful American people, for your kindness and generosity toward our small minority in the world (1/5th of 1.0% of the 7.5 billion human peoples). And the fact that 40% of all the Nobel science awards since 2000 have been Jews --- almost all in our country --- is, prof bug hopes, a sign that your own bounteous kindness has proved justified.

END OF THE 6-PART SERIES